Knee pain may be due to various causes. Some are common such as osteoarthritis (OA), more commonly just referred to as knee arthritis. Knee arthritis use to be just felt to be a wear and tear disorder or the effects of time and age. This was distinguished from knee rheumatoid arthritis (RA) which is an autoimmune disorder. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) results in the body’s immune system attacking its own joints resulting in pain, swelling and ultimately joint destruction. Knee OA or knee arthritis is now known as a more complex phenomenon. Knee pain from knee OA can be wear and tear from prior trauma, genetics, joint imbalance or overload, or a complex array of factors operating at the cellular level from signals which result in knee joint breakdown.
Stem cell therapy for knee pain and knee osteoarthritis may work on knee joint breakdown in a variety of fashions on way may be by altering the chemical signals that break the knee joint down. The other may be a reparative or regenerative effect.
Stem cells are present in every patient, however each patient is different and knowing the individual patient allows personalized medicine which may be the best way to achieve optimal results. There is no one stop, one treatment approach for all patients that will encompass the complexities of humans as unique individuals with a unique set of circumstances that characterizes their needs, desires, and personal traits. Dr. Dennis Lox stresses the importance of personalized medicine in treating patients.