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Knee Avascular Necrosis (AVN) Can Stem Cells Make a Difference?

Avascular necrosis (AVN) has been treated with stem cells for some time, just under different names and applications. Knee AVN is only followed by the hip in leg frequency of AVN occurrence.

Stem cell treatments for avascular necrosis (AVN) are being seen more frequently, including for knee avascular necrosis.

Avascular necrosis (AVN) occurs when the loss of blood to a region of bone results in ischemia and the bone cells die. This is much like a heart attack, only it occurs to the bone cells. The amount of blood supply affected determines the size of the infarcted or necrotic area of bone.

The initial area of avascular necrosis can only be the start of problems, which is a troubling feature of AVN. The necrotic bone may collapse, and a rapid arthritis than occurs due to accelerated degeneration.

Knee avascular necrosis (AVN) occurs from many causes.
Possible causes of AVN:

Trauma
Idiopathic or spontaneous (Unknown)
Excessive corticosteroids
High Alcohol intake
Sickle Cell Disease
Gaucher’s Disease
Caisson’s Disease (decompression sickness)
Coagulopathies (blood clotting disorders)
Chemotherapy
Radiation Therapy
Autoimmune Diseases (Lupus and Rheumatoid Arthritis)

Knee AVN: Can Stem Cells Make a Difference?

Since not all cases of AVN are alike, stem cell treatment is based on each patient. The size of the necrotic area, the underlying cause of AVN, and inter-patient differences all can affect treatment.
This is important to provide significant information so a skilled Regenerative Medicine specialist can assess the treatment options.

Dr. Dennis Lox is an expert in Sports and Regenerative Medicine. Dr. Lox has expertise in the treatment of avascular necrosis with Stem Cell Therapy.